Let more community colleges offer four-year degrees

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By Sen. Rodney Ellis and Rep. Sarah Davis

All hardworking Texas families should have the opportunity to compete for today’s best and fastest-growing jobs in order to move up the economic ladder, and an integral part of making those dreams become a reality is access to affordable educational opportunities.

After all, higher education is more important than ever. While a high school degree once sufficed in previous generations, a bachelor’s degree is often a prerequisite for jobs in today’s 21st century economy. Texas leads the nation in job growth, and economic indicators point to continued growth and the rising need for a skilled workforce, particularly in the critical fields of nursing and applied sciences.

Unfortunately, attending a public four-year college or university in Texas has gotten considerably more expensive over the past dozen years. In fact, the average cost of full-time attendance at a public university increased 104 percent from 2003 to 2013 – more than doubling.

In an effort to address the ongoing need for a skilled workforce and the spike in the cost of higher education, we filed legislation this session – Senate Bill 271 and House Bill 1384 – to carefully implement an alternative pathway for students to obtain a four-year degree.

These bipartisan bills provide the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board with the authority to allow community colleges that meet certain criteria to offer bachelor’s degrees in either applied science or nursing – provided the schools use a measured, phased-in approach, and meet other safeguards we include in our legislation.

Proposed community college baccalaureate degrees would be reviewed according to the same standards used for baccalaureate program approvals at universities. This would include demonstrating short- and long-term workforce needs in the field, adequate faculty and library resources to meet accreditation standards, sufficient funding to support the program without harming existing programs, and regular review processes to ensure quality and effectiveness.

The proposed legislation offers another avenue for students and working adults that want a more affordable higher education experience to complete a four-year degree. Community colleges offer lower costs relative to universities, as estimates put the cost of a four-year degree at a community college around $10,000 to $12,000. In addition, community colleges often have more flexibility by offering courses in the evening, on weekends, and hybrid classes making it much easier for folks with fulltime jobs to continue their education. Community college graduates are also more likely to remain and work in their local community, ensuring that the same public that invests in their education also reaps the benefits.

Community colleges can and should be leveraged to provide limited and affordable four-year degrees in areas of the state where needs are the greatest. Seventeen states, including Texas, already allow some community colleges to offer four-year degrees.

Currently, three Texas community colleges are authorized to offer a maximum of five baccalaureate degree programs in applied technology. The experience of South Texas College, Brazosport College, and Midland College suggests that these programs can be rolled out in a gradual, thoughtful manner. This experience has already put those regions of the state in a better position to meet local workforce needs.

Texas universities and colleges are incredibly important to our state, and they will continue to provide and produce the majority of baccalaureate degree-educated students in our state. But Texas still has real workforce needs that are not being met – needs that will require the state to utilize all alternative pathways to build and maintain an educated, skilled workforce for in-demand occupations that require a four-year degree.

We look forward to working with the legislature to prepare Texans to participate in today’s competitive global economy.

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